UNHCR opened its representation in Kyrgyzstan in 1995 to assist the country in protecting over 20,000 refugees from the civil war in Tajikistan. By now the Kyrgyz Republic has locally integrated half of these refugees by granting them citizenship, while another half voluntarily repatriated to Tajikistan.
In 1996, the Kyrgyz Republic acceded to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol. The country developed a national law on refugees and created a state agency for the determination of refugee status.
UNHCR operational objectives in the Kyrgyz Republic
• Improve the quality of asylum in accordance with international standards
Recent operational activities and highlights
Internally displaced persons and returnees
• Communal violence, destruction and looting in southern Kyrgyzstan, led to the death of over 400 and the injury of over 2,000 persons, the destruction of close to 2,000 private homes, and the looting of many more during June 2010. 375,000 persons fled their homes, of which 75,000 fled to Uzbekistan and 300,000 within Kyrgyzstan.
• In order to develop compliance with Kyrgyzstan's obligations under international and national refugee law, UNHCR supports an urgent improvement in the quality and quantity of governmental refugee status recognition (recognition rates in governmental procedures dropped from 25% in 2005 to 0% in 2010).
• Since 2008, authorities and civil society, working together in a UNHCR project, already identified and solved several ten thousand citizenship cases. Currently an estimated 21,000 persons are still stateless or threatened therewith.
Working with partners
UNHCR works with the Government, civil society, donors and other UN agencies in providing protection and support to persons of concern.
Government - Ministry of Labour, Employment and Migration, Health Insurance Fund, State State Registration Service, Citizenship Commission under the President
NGOs - ACTED, Legal Clinic "Adilet", Centre for Support to International Protection, Counterpart-Sheriktesh, Crisis Centre "Sezim", Danish Refugee Council, Ferghana Valley Lawyers without Borders, Mercy Corps.
Government - Directorate for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation, Border Guards Service, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Emergency Situations, Ombudsman, Police Academy, Prosecutor General, Supreme and other Courts
NGOs - Dusti, Sairon, National Red Crescent Society, Help Age Int, Safe the Children
Others - Asian Development Bank, European Commission, ICRC, IOM, JICA, OHCHR, OSCE, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, World Bank.